Camera buying guide for amateurs, professionals, creators, and enthusiasts: All you need to know before buying

But with so many options flooding the market, the question “Which camera should you buy?” can be daunting. That’s why we’ve created this comprehensive guide, distilling our expertise into a clear, concise roadmap for finding your perfect photographic companion.

In this guide, we’ll demystify the jargon, break down the different camera types (DSLR, mirrorless, point-and-shoot, Polaroid, and action), and explore the key features that matter most. We’ll address the needs of beginners seeking their first “real” camera, as well as seasoned photographers looking to upgrade their gear. By the end, you’ll be equipped with the knowledge and confidence to choose a camera that aligns with your individual needs, budget, and creative aspirations.

What to consider before buying a camera?

Picking the right camera isn’t just about the brand or the latest model; it’s about finding the perfect tool to match your individual needs and aspirations as a photographer. Here are the key factors to weigh before making your decision:

1. What’s your purpose?

Defining your photography goals is the first step. Are you primarily interested in capturing:

  • Everyday moments: Family gatherings, vacations, or documenting your daily life?
  • Travel: Do you want a lightweight camera that’s easy to carry on adventures?
  • Professional work: Are you seeking a camera that can deliver high-quality results for clients or publications?
  • Creative expression: Are you drawn to specific genres like portraiture, landscape, or street photography?

Your purpose will significantly influence the type of camera and features you’ll need.

2. Setting a realistic budget

Cameras span a wide price range, from affordable entry-level models to high-end professional gear. Determine a budget that aligns with your financial resources and the level of investment you’re comfortable making. A camera does not have to be expensive, unless you require a professional gear.

Keep in mind that the initial purchase is just the beginning. Factor in potential costs for lenses, accessories, memory cards, and software.

3. Know your skill level

  • Beginners: If you’re just starting, prioritise user-friendly cameras with intuitive controls and automatic modes.
  • Intermediates: Look for cameras that offer a balance of automatic and manual controls, allowing you to experiment and expand your skills.
  • Advanced users: Consider cameras with extensive manual controls, customisable settings, and reliable build quality to meet your creative demands.

4. Key features to prioritise

Image Quality:

  • Sensor size: Larger sensors generally produce better image quality, especially in low light.
  • Megapixels: While important, prioritise sensor size over megapixel count for overall image quality.

Lens options:

  • Interchangeable lens cameras (DSLRs and mirrorless): Offer flexibility and creativity with a vast selection of lenses for different situations.
  • Fixed lens cameras (point-and-shoot): Convenient and compact, but limited to the built-in lens.


  • Speed: Crucial for capturing fast-moving subjects.
  • Accuracy: Ensures your photos are sharp and in focus.
  • Subject tracking: Helps maintain focus on moving subjects.

Video Capabilities:

  • Resolution: Choose 4K for the highest quality, or 1080p for a good balance of quality and file size.
  • Frame rate: Higher frame rates (60fps or 120fps) allow for smoother slow-motion footage.
  • Stabilisation: Reduces camera shake for steadier videos.

Ease of Use:

  • User interface: Look for a clear and intuitive interface that’s easy to navigate.
  • Controls: Ensure the buttons and dials are conveniently placed and easy to operate.
  • Size and Weight: Consider how often you’ll be carrying your camera and whether portability is a priority.

Other Factors:

  • Battery life: Especially important for travel or extended shoots.
  • Weatherproofing: Essential if you’ll be shooting in challenging conditions.
  • Wi-Fi/Bluetooth: Convenient for transferring photos and remote control.

Who should prioritise it

Sensor Size & Megapixels

Photographers who prioritie image quality, especially in low-light conditions.

Interchangeable Lenses

Photographers who need flexibility and creativity with a variety of lenses.

Fast & Accurate Autofocus

Sports, wildlife, and action photographers who need to capture fast-moving subjects.

High-Quality Video Capabilities

Videographers, vloggers, and content creators who need to produce high-resolution videos.

Intuitive User Interface

Beginners and casual users who value ease of use and simplicity.

Compact and Lightweight Design

Travellers and photographers who value portability and convenience.

Long Battery Life Travellers, event photographers, and anyone who shoots for extended periods without access to power.
Weatherproofing Outdoor and adventure photographers who need to shoot in challenging conditions.
Wi-Fi/Bluetooth Connectivity Photographers who want to transfer images quickly or control their camera remotely.

What are the different camera types?

Each camera type brings unique strengths and weaknesses to the table. Let’s explore them to help you discover the perfect fit for your photographic journey:

Camera Type



Who should choose it


Superior image quality, extensive control, vast lens selection, professional features

Bulky, heavier, bigger learning curve

Enthusiasts and professionals who demand the best image quality, control, and lens flexibility.


Compact, lightweight, cutting-edge technology, excellent video capabilities

Can be expensive, shorter battery life than DSLRs

Photographers who prioritise portability and want advanced features in a user-friendly package.


Affordable, easy to use, pocketable

Limited control, smaller sensors, lower image quality in low light

Casual photographers and beginners who want a simple, convenient camera for everyday use.


Nostalgic fun, unique aesthetic, instant gratification

Film cost, limited creative control

Those who love the tangible experience of instant photos and appreciate their vintage charm.


Rugged, durable, waterproof, wide-angle lens, designed for activity

Niche appeal, image quality may not be as high as DSLRs or mirrorless in low light

Adventurers, athletes, and those who want a camera for documenting their active lifestyles.

Also Read: Best cameras for beginners in 2024: Top 8 user-friendly and affordable options for novice photographers

Our top recommendations:

1. Nikon D7500 20.9MP Digital SLR Camera (Black) with AF-S DX NIKKOR 18-140mm f/3.5-5.6G ED VR Lens

The Nikon D7500 is a versatile DSLR that packs a punch with its 20.9MP sensor, 4K UHD video recording, and advanced 51-point autofocus system. Its SnapBridge connectivity makes sharing your creations a breeze. Ideal for enthusiasts and aspiring professionals, this camera delivers excellent image quality and performance in a durable body.

Specifications of Nikon D7500 Digital SLR Camera:

Sensor: 20.9MP DX-Format CMOS Sensor

Processor: EXPEED 5

Autofocus: Multi-CAM 3500FX II 51-Point AF System

ISO Range: 100-51200 (expandable to 1,640,000)

Video: 4K UHD at 30 fps

Connectivity: SnapBridge Bluetooth and Wi-Fi

Reasons to Buy Reasons to Avoid
Excellent image quality and high ISO performance Relatively bulky and heavy for travel
Advanced autofocus system for sharp photos Can be complex for beginners to master all features

2. Canon EOS R7 32.5MP Mirrorless Camera with RF-S18-150mm Lens Kit | APS-C Sensor | 4K 120P Video (Black)

The Canon EOS R7, with its 32.5MP APS-C sensor and impressive 4K 120p video capabilities, is a mirrorless marvel designed for wildlife and close-up photography. Its fast shooting speed of 30 fps and advanced autofocus system ensure you capture every detail with precision. This sleek black camera is a powerful tool for both stills and video enthusiasts.

Specifications of Canon EOS R7 Mirrorless Camera:

Sensor: 32.5MP APS-C Sensor

Processor: DIGIC X

Shooting Speed: Up to 30 frames per second

Video: 4K 60p + Full HD 120p

ISO Range: 100-32000

Connectivity: Wi-Fi + Bluetooth

Reasons to Buy Reasons to Avoid
High-resolution sensor for detailed images Crop sensor might not be ideal for some professional uses
Exceptional autofocus performance for action shots Battery life could be improved for extended shooting sessions

Also Read: Amazon deals on cameras: Avail discounts of up to 50% on mirrorless, action, instant cameras, and more

3. Nikon Store COOLPIX P950 Digital Camera – Black

The Nikon COOLPIX P950 is a super-zoom marvel, overdrawing an incredible 83x optical zoom that brings distant subjects within reach. Its 16.0MP sensor and 4K UHD video recording capabilities ensure detailed photos and videos. With built-in Bird and Moon modes, this camera is a fantastic choice for nature and wildlife enthusiasts.

Specifications of Nikon COOLPIX P950 Digital Camera:

Sensor: 16.0 Megapixels

Zoom: 83x optical zoom, 166x Dynamic Fine Zoom

Video: 4K UHD 2160p

Special Modes: Bird and Moon modes

Connectivity: Bluetooth

Reasons to Buy Reasons to Avoid
Incredible zoom range for capturing distant subjects Image quality can suffer at maximum zoom levels
4K UHD video recording Relatively slow autofocus for fast-moving subjects

4. Fujifilm Instax Mini 11 Instant Camera (Blush Pink)

The Fujifilm Instax Mini 11 is a fun and stylish instant camera that brings back the joy of instant gratification. Its automatic exposure and high-key mode ensure bright and beautiful photos every time. With a variety of stylish colours and customisable shutter button accessories, this camera is perfect for capturing memories and sharing them instantly.

Specifications of Fujifilm Instax Mini 11 Instant Camera:

Film Type: Instax Mini Film

Print Size: 54 (w) x 86 (H) mm

Image Size: 46 (w) x 62 (H) mm

Features: Automatic exposure, high-key mode, selfie mirror

Colours: Lilac Purple, Sky Blue, Blush Pink, Charcoal Gray, Ice White

Reasons to Buy Reasons to Avoid
Fun and easy to use Film can be expensive over time
Instant gratification and tangible photos Limited creative control and image quality compared to digital

Also Read: Best cameras for photography: 9 top-rated DSLR and mirrorless cameras for high-quality shots

5. DJI Action 2 Power Combo -12Mp Action Digital Camera with Power Module,4K Recording Upto 120 Fps& 155° Fov, Portable& Wearable, Horizonsteady,10M Waterproof, Black

The DJI Action 2 Power Combo is a versatile and compact action camera designed for adventurers. Its magnetic modular design allows for easy swapping of accessories, while its 4K/120fps video and HorizonSteady stabilisation ensure smooth and cinematic footage. With 10 meters of waterproofing and a durable build, this camera is ready to capture your most daring exploits.

Specifications of DJI Action 2 Power Combo:

Sensor: 1/1.7″ CMOS

Video: 4K/120fps, 1080p/240fps

Field of View: 155°

Stabilisation: RockSteady 2.0, HorizonSteady

Waterproof: 10 meters (60 meters with case)

Reasons to Buy Reasons to Avoid
Compact and versatile design Image quality not as good as larger sensors
Excellent video quality and stabilisation Battery life can be limiting

Similar products for you:

What other aspects will require consideration?

Once you’ve chosen your camera, here are some additional tips to enhance your experience and make the most of your investment:

1. Try before you buy:

Renting: If you’re considering a high-end camera, renting it for a weekend or a short trip can be a great way to test it out in real-world conditions. This allows you to get a feel for the camera’s handling, features, and overall performance before committing to a purchase.

Borrowing: If you know someone who owns the camera you’re interested in, ask if you can borrow it for a short period to try it out. This can be a cost-effective way to get hands-on experience and valuable feedback.

2. Explore the used market:

Pros: Buying used can save you a significant amount of money, especially on high-quality cameras. It’s a great option for those on a budget.

Cons: Used gear may have some wear and tear, and it’s essential to inspect it carefully before buying. Ensure the seller is reputable and offers a warranty or return policy.

3. Essential accessories:

Memory Cards: Invest in high-quality memory cards with ample storage capacity to avoid running out of space during shoots.

Camera Bags: Choose a bag that’s comfortable to carry and provides adequate protection for your gear.

Extra Batteries: Always have spare batteries on hand, especially if you’re planning a long day of shooting or travelling.

Other Accessories: Consider a tripod for stability, a lens filter for protection, and a cleaning kit to keep your camera in top condition.

4. Learn and grow:

Online Tutorials: Numerous free tutorials and guides are available online to help you learn about photography techniques, camera settings, and post-processing.

Photography Courses: Consider enrolling in a beginner or intermediate photography course to learn from experienced instructors and connect with fellow photographers.

Online Communities: Join online forums and social media groups dedicated to photography to share your work, get feedback, and learn from others.

Remember, the perfect camera isn’t just about the latest technology or the highest price tag; it’s about finding the tool that empowers you to capture your unique vision and tell your story. Consider your purpose, budget, and skill level carefully. Weigh the features that matter most to you, whether it’s image quality, portability, ease of use, or a combination of factors. Explore the diverse world of camera types, from the powerful DSLR and innovative mirrorless options to the convenient point-and-shoot and the nostalgic charm of instant cameras. If you’re still unsure, don’t hesitate to try before you buy – rent or borrow a camera to get a feel for it in real-world situations. And remember, the learning journey never ends. Leverage the abundance of online resources and communities that can help you develop your skills and unlock your full creative potential.

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Published: 03 Jul 2024, 07:16 PM IST