Shape, the second element, refers to flat, enclosed areas that are two-dimensional, having only length and width. Shapes can be geometric, like circles and squares, or free-form and natural shapes. Shapes are important to arts because they create the foundation of a composition, symbolise ideas, and simplify complex forms. By using shapes, artists can organise their piece, convey symbolic meanings, and break down difficult subjects into more understandable and relatable forms.